Thematic Structure for VHL TCIM

It groups the concepts, models, and evidence dossiers on TCIM. It includes the thematic structure and terminology used to organize the databases

Thematic Structure for the VHL MTCI, was developed by members of the MTCI Network for the Americas, taking into account the epistemological views on health, the Health Models, the glossaries of terms of international entities referring to the subject, as well as the Ministries of Health of different countries of the region. Likewise, we consulted documents, research, books and various tools, both specific to the MTCI area, and from other areas of knowledge such as sociology, medical anthropology, public health and also from the theories of systems of organization of information.

This process of broad reflection and debate allowed us to build a proposal to organize the documents in the databases, in an inclusive manner that responds to the themes of Traditional, Complementary and Integrative Medicines, and related practices.

Outline Thematic structure for VHL MTCI Database.


What is a Thematic Structure?

What is structured vocabulary

Methodology used

Design process

Thematic Structure for VHL TCIM

Traditional Health Systems

This macro-category includes documents of medical systems, health systems, or health models used by a town, community, or country, which obey their own cosmovision or paradigm, and have their own medical doctrine, diagnostic and treatment methods, associated to the total sum of knowledges, techniques, and procedures based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences of the different cultures.

Traditional African Medicines
Traditional European Medicines
Traditional Oceania Medicines
Traditional Asian Medicines

  • Traditional Medicines of East Asia
  • Ayurveda Medicine
  • Unani Medicine
  • Siddha Medicine
  • Japanese Medicine
  • Tibetan Medicine

Traditional Medicines of las Americas

  • North-American Traditional Medicine
  • Andean Traditional Medicine
  • Mesoamerican Traditional Medicine
  • Amazon Traditional Medicine
  • Afro-American Traditional Medicine
  • Rom Communities Traditional Medicine
Complex, Non-Traditional Medical Systems
This macro-category includes documents of complex, non-traditional medical systems, considered part of the Complementary and Integrative Medicine group that count on a body of knowledge that has the following characteristics/elements: cosmovision-medical doctrine, morphology, own diagnostic and therapeutic methods that are not connected to traditions of specific peoples or countries.

Neurotherapeutics Medicine
Anthroposophical Medicine

Therapeutic Methods (Therapies)

This macro-category includes documents that are products of research or related to complementary/alternative health practices, therapies and methods used in healthcare and in preventing diseases, and which do not feature the characteristics/elements of a complex/traditional medical system. Some of these therapeutic methods may be part of a traditional or complex system.


Biological Therapies

  • Trophotherapy – Medicinal Plants (Phytotherapy) – Hydrotherapy – Geotherapy – Termalism – Ozone Therapy – Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy – Orthomolecular – Apitherapy – Hirudotherapy (leech therapy) – Urine Therapy – Hemotherapy – Peloid therapy – Aromatherapy - Homotoxicology

Manual Therapies

  • Osteopathy – Chiropractic care – Shiatzu – Massage – Lymphatic drainage – Kinesiology – Reflection therapy – Feldenkrais Methods - EICIWO

Energy Therapies

  • Suction cups – Reiki – Therapeutic touch - Floral therapy – Magnetotherapy – Bioenergetics – Music therapy – Chromotherapy – Cristal therapy – Filter therapies

Body-Mind Therapies

  • TPsychokinetic – Meditation – Hypnosis – Bio-decoding – Neurolinguistics programming – Holotropic Breathwork – Biofeedback – Laughter Therapy – Yoga – Relaxation – Family constellations – Arts Therapy
Integrative Medicine

The documents related to integrative medicine and integrative practices in health will be included in this macro-category.


Under development

Medical Systems Elements
The complex medical systems in TCI Medicine are supported in other rationalities and paradigms, different from the dominant hegemonic paradigm. TCI Medicine adopts a vital paradigm where what matter is to strengthen health in all its spheres, not only in treating the disease. Therefore, its doctrine body has its own elements: medical doctrine, own vital dynamics and morphology, diagnostic dimension, and specific therapeutic methods.

Medical doctrine
Diagnostic method
Therapeutic method

Cross-sectional themes
These are aspects parallel to the macro-categories and common to several of the Medical Systems and Therapies of the TCI Medicine group. These cross-sectional themes expand the understanding of the several aspects that TCI Medicine brings to the process of promoting health and preventing diseases, taking care of diseases, and intermeddling in all aspects of health. When these relevant aspects are taken into consideration, we can detect cross-sectional themes to the macro-categories and can enable them to be intercepted in the several search strategies.

Health paradigms
Health spiritualization
Health education
Health promotion and strengthening
Disease prevention
Public policies and norms
Popular health practices